Linux系统初始化Shell脚本-linux安全运维_跨零代码

跨零代码为大家提供高品质的运维解决方案,请大家多多来访,跨零不胜感激,在此谢过。

    此脚本用于新装CentOS的相关配置工作,比如禁掉iptable和SElinux及ipv6,优化系统内核,停掉一些没必要启动的系统服务等。此脚本尤其适全大批新安装的CentOS 5.X系列的服务器,脚本代码如下所示(此脚本在Centos5.5_x64下已通过):

#!/bin/bash
# Created by kerryhu
# MAIL:king_819@163.com
# BLOG:http://kerry.blog.51cto.com
cat << EOF
+————————————————————–+
|         === Welcome to Centos System init ===                |
+————————————————————–+
+————————–by kerry—————————-+
EOF
#set ntp
yum -y install ntp
echo “* 3 * * * /usr/sbin/ntpdate 210.72.145.44 > /dev/null 2>&1” >> /etc/crontab
service crond restart
#set ulimit
echo “ulimit -SHn 102400” >> /etc/rc.local
#set locale
#true > /etc/sysconfig/i18n
#cat >>/etc/sysconfig/i18n<<EOF
#LANG=”zh_CN.GB18030″
#SUPPORTED=”zh_CN.GB18030:zh_CN:zh:en_US.UTF-8:en_US:en”
#SYSFONT=”latarcyrheb-sun16″
#EOF
#set sysctl
true > /etc/sysctl.conf
cat >> /etc/sysctl.conf << EOF
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 0
net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 1
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route = 0
kernel.sysrq = 0
kernel.core_uses_pid = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1
kernel.msgmnb = 65536
kernel.msgmax = 65536
kernel.shmmax = 68719476736
kernel.shmall = 4294967296
net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 6000
net.ipv4.tcp_sack = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_window_scaling = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 4096 87380 4194304
net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 4096 16384 4194304
net.core.wmem_default = 8388608
net.core.rmem_default = 8388608
net.core.rmem_max = 16777216
net.core.wmem_max = 16777216
net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 262144
net.core.somaxconn = 262144
net.ipv4.tcp_max_orphans = 3276800
net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 262144
net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 0
net.ipv4.tcp_synack_retries = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_syn_retries = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_mem = 94500000 915000000 927000000
net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 1200
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65535
EOF
/sbin/sysctl -p
echo “sysctl set OK!!”
#close ctrl+alt+del
sed -i “s/ca::ctrlaltdel:/sbin/shutdown -t3 -r now/#ca::ctrlaltdel:/sbin/shutdown -t3 -r now/” /etc/inittab
#set purview
chmod 600 /etc/passwd
chmod 600 /etc/shadow
chmod 600 /etc/group
chmod 600 /etc/gshadow
#disable ipv6
cat << EOF
+————————————————————–+
|         === Welcome to Disable IPV6 ===                      |
+————————————————————–+
EOF
echo “alias net-pf-10 off” >> /etc/modprobe.conf
echo “alias ipv6 off” >> /etc/modprobe.conf
/sbin/chkconfig –level 35 ip6tables off
echo “ipv6 is disabled!”
#disable selinux
sed -i ‘/SELINUX/s/enforcing/disabled/’ /etc/selinux/config
echo “selinux is disabled,you must reboot!”
#vim
sed -i “8 s/^/alias vi=’vim’/” /root/.bashrc
echo ‘syntax on’ > /root/.vimrc
#zh_cn
sed -i -e ‘s/^LANG=.*/LANG=”en”/’   /etc/sysconfig/i18n
#init_ssh
ssh_cf=”/etc/ssh/sshd_config”
sed -i -e ’74 s/^/#/’ -i -e ’76 s/^/#/’ $ssh_cf
#sed -i “s/#Port 22/Port 65535/” $ssh_cf
sed -i “s/#UseDNS yes/UseDNS no/” $ssh_cf
#client
sed -i -e ’44 s/^/#/’ -i -e ’48 s/^/#/’ $ssh_cf
service sshd restart
echo “ssh is init is ok…………..”
#chkser
#tunoff services
#——————————————————————————–
cat << EOF
+————————————————————–+
|         === Welcome to Tunoff services ===                   |
+————————————————————–+
EOF
#———————————————————————————
for i in `ls /etc/rc3.d/S*`
do
              CURSRV=`echo $i|cut -c 15-`
echo $CURSRV
case $CURSRV in
          crond | irqbalance | microcode_ctl | network | random | sshd | syslog | local )
      echo “Base services, Skip!”
      ;;
      *)
          echo “change $CURSRV to off”
          chkconfig –level 235 $CURSRV off
          service $CURSRV stop
      ;;
esac
done
echo “service is init is ok…………..”

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本文固定链接: http://kua0.com/2019/02/04/linux系统初始化shell脚本-linux安全运维_跨零代码/

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