Nginx网站架构实战——14、反向代理实现nginx+apache动静分离-linux安全运维_跨零代码

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前言:

Nginx网站架构实战——01、Nginx介绍及编译安装:传送门

Nginx网站架构实战——02、Nginx信号量:传送门

Nginx网站架构实战——03、nginx虚拟主机配置:传送门

Nginx网站架构实战——04、nginx日志管理:传送门

Nginx网站架构实战——05、nginx定时任务完成日志切割:传送门

Nginx网站架构实战——06、Location详解之精准匹配:传送门

Nginx网站架构实战——07、Location之正则匹配:传送门

Nginx网站架构实战——08、nginx Rewrite语法详解:传送门

Nginx网站架构实战——09、编译PHP并与nginx整合:传送门

Nginx网站架构实战——10、安装ecshop:传送门

Nginx网站架构实战——11、商城url重写实战:传送门

Nginx网站架构实战——12、nginx gzip压缩提升网站速度:传送门

Nginx网站架构实战——13、expires缓存提升网站负载:传送门

这两天做了一下apache+nginx实现动静分离的实验,实验大概是这样的,搭建LAMP之后,再装上Nginx。用户访问页面的请求到达服务器之后,静态页面又nginx出来,动态页面则交给apache处理。这是因为apache处理静态页面的效率不高,远不及nginx。通过nginx的反向代理加速,直接将请求丢给apache去处理,达到动静分离的效果。下面是实验的过程:

实验平台:RHEL6.3_x64 最小化安装
IP:192.168.30.114

 [root@tiejiangSRC1 src]# yum install cmake gcc gcc-c++ make ncurses-devel bison wget [root@tiejiangSRC1 src]# wget http://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/mysql-5.5.31.tar.gz/from/http://cdn.mysql.com 

一、安装mysql

 [root@tiejiangSRC1 src]# useradd -s /sbin/nologin -M mysql [root@tiejiangSRC1 src]# cd mysql-5.5.29 [root@tiejiangSRC1 mysql-5.5.29]# cmake . -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql -DINSTALL_DATADIR=/data/mysql -DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/mysql.sock -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci -DWITH_EXTRA_CHARSETS=complex -DMYSQL_USER=mysql [root@tiejiangSRC1 mysql-5.5.29]# make && make install [root@tiejiangSRC1 mysql-5.5.29]# cd /usr/local/mysql/ [root@tiejiangSRC1 mysql]# chown -R mysql:mysql  . [root@tiejiangSRC1 mysql]# mkdir /data [root@tiejiangSRC1 mysql]# scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql/ --datadir=/data/mysql [root@tiejiangSRC1 mysql]# chown -R root . [root@tiejiangSRC1 mysql]# rm -rf /etc/my.cnf [root@tiejiangSRC1 mysql]# cp support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf     [mysqld]     bind-address    = 127.0.0.1     port            = 3306     socket          = /tmp/mysql.sock     basedir         = /usr/local/mysql     datadir         = /data/mysql     user            = mysql     character_set_server = utf8     ...... [root@tiejiangSRC1 mysql]# vim /etc/init.d/mysqld     basedir=/usr/local/mysql     datadir=/data/mysql 

二、安装apache

 [root@tiejiangSRC1 src]# wget http://mirror.bjtu.edu.cn/apache//apr/apr-1.4.6.tar.bz2 [root@tiejiangSRC1 src]# wget http://mirror.bjtu.edu.cn/apache//apr/apr-util-1.5.2.tar.bz2 [root@tiejiangSRC1 src]# wget http://mirror.bjtu.edu.cn/apache//apr/apr-iconv-1.2.1.tar.bz2 [root@tiejiangSRC1 src]# tar xf apr-1.4.6.tar.gz [root@tiejiangSRC1 src]# cd apr-1.4.6 [root@tiejiangSRC1 apr-1.4.6]# ./configure     这里有一个报错:     config.status: executing libtool commands     rm: cannot remove `libtoolT': No such file or directory     config.status: executing default commands 解决办法: [root@tiejiangSRC1 apr-1.4.6]# vim configure     # $RM "$cfgfile"     找到上面那句命令,并注释 [root@tiejiangSRC1 apr-1.4.6]# make && make install [root@tiejiangSRC1 apr-1.4.6]# vim /etc/ld.so.conf.d/apr.conf     /usr/local/apr/lib [root@tiejiangSRC1 apr-1.4.6]# ldconfig [root@tiejiangSRC1 apr-1.4.6]# cd .. [root@tiejiangSRC1 src]# tar xf apr-util-1.5.2.tar.bz2 [root@tiejiangSRC1 src]# cd apr-util-1.5.2 [root@tiejiangSRC1 apr-util-1.5.2]# ./configure --with-apr=/usr/local/apr [root@tiejiangSRC1 apr-util-1.5.2]# make && make install [root@tiejiangSRC1 apr-util-1.5.2]# cd .. [root@tiejiangSRC1 src]# tar xf apr-iconv-1.2.1.tar.bz2 [root@tiejiangSRC1 src]# cd apr-iconv-1.2.1 [root@tiejiangSRC1 apr-iconv-1.2.1]# ./configure --with-apr=/usr/local/apr [root@tiejiangSRC1 apr-iconv-1.2.1]#  [root@tiejiangSRC1 src]# tar xf httpd-2.2.22.tar.gz [root@tiejiangSRC1 src]# cd httpd-2.2.22 [root@tiejiangSRC1 httpd-2.2.22]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache2 --enable-ssl=share --enable-so [root@tiejiangSRC1 httpd-2.2.22]# make && make install 

三、安装php

 [root@tiejiangSRC1 src]# yum install libxml2-devel bzip2-devel libcurl-devel libjpeg-turbo libjpeg-turbo-devel libpng libpng-devel readline-devel net-snmp-devel freetype-devel zlib-devel gd libjpeg-devel [root@tiejiangSRC1 src]# tar xf php-5.4.11.tar.bz2 [root@tiejiangSRC1 src]# cd php-5.4.11 [root@tiejiangSRC1 php-5.4.11]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php  --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs --disable-ipv6 --with-pcre-regex --with-zlib --with-bz2 --with-curl --enable-dba=shared --with-pcre-dir --with-gd --with-jpeg-dir --with-png-dir --with-zlib-dir --with-freetype --enable-mbstring --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-mhash --with-mysql --with-mysqli --with-pdo-mysql --with-readline --with-snmp --enable-sockets --enable-zip [root@tiejiangSRC1 php-5.4.11]# make && make install [root@tiejiangSRC1 php-5.4.11]# cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php/lib/php.ini 为apache添加支持php [root@tiejiangSRC1 php-5.4.11]# vim /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf  <IfModule dir_module>  DirectoryIndex index.html index.php  </IfModule>  Include conf/extra/php.conf [root@tiejiangSRC1 php-5.4.11]# vim /usr/local/apache2/conf/extra/php.conf   <FilesMatch /.php$>       SetHandler application/x-httpd-php // 引用模板使apache支持php   </FilesMatch> 创建动态页面 [root@tiejiangSRC1 apache2]# mkdir /data/www [root@tiejiangSRC1 apache2]# vim /data/www/index.php</pre>  <?php phpinfo(); ?> <pre>启动apache [root@tiejiangSRC1 apache2]# bin/apachectl start     测试访问是否正常支持php 

四、编译安装nginx

 [root@tiejiangSRC1 src]#  yum install pcre-devel openssl-devel perl-ExtUtils-Embed [root@tiejiangSRC1 src]# tar xf nginx-1.2.6.tar.gz [root@tiejiangSRC1 src]# cd nginx-1.2.6 [root@tiejiangSRC1 nginx-1.2.6]# useradd -s /sbin/nologin -M www [root@tiejiangSRC1 nginx-1.2.6]#  ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --user=www --group=www --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_gzip_static_module  --without-http_uwsgi_module --without-http_scgi_module --without-http_upstream_ip_hash_module --with-http_perl_module --with-pcre [root@tiejiangSRC1 nginx-1.2.6]# make && make install 

五、配置nginx

 [root@tiejiangSRC1 nginx]# vim conf/nginx.conf user  www www; worker_processes  8; worker_rlimit_nofile 65535; pid        logs/nginx.pid; events {    worker_connections  65535;    use epoll; } error_log /usr/local/nginx/logs/error.log info; http {    include       mime.types;    default_type  application/octet-stream;    #log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '    #                  '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '    #                  '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';    #access_log  logs/access.log  main;    charset gb2312;    server_names_hash_max_size 2048;    server_names_hash_bucket_size 256;    client_header_buffer_size 256k;    client_max_body_size 100m;    large_client_header_buffers 4 256k;    sendfile        on;    tcp_nopush     on;    server_tokens   off;    tcp_nodelay     on;    proxy_send_timeout  300;    proxy_read_timeout  300;    proxy_buffer_size  4k;    proxy_buffers 16 32k;    proxy_busy_buffers_size 64k;    proxy_temp_file_write_size 64k;    proxy_connect_timeout 30s;    keepalive_timeout  10; # 开启压缩功能    gzip  on;    gzip_http_version 1.0;    gzip_min_length  1100;    gzip_comp_level  3;    gzip_buffers  4 32k;    gzip_types    text/plain text/xml text/css application/x-javascript application/xml application/xml+rss text/javascript application/atom+xml;    ignore_invalid_headers on;    client_header_timeout  3m;    client_body_timeout 3m;    send_timeout     3m;    connection_pool_size  256;    request_pool_size  32k;    output_buffers   4 64k;    postpone_output  1460;    open_file_cache max=1000 inactive=300s;    open_file_cache_valid    600s;    open_file_cache_min_uses 2;    open_file_cache_errors   off;    include "/usr/local/nginx/conf/vhosts/*.conf";     log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '                      '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '                      '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';access_log  logs/access.log  main; }  [root@tiejiangSRC1 nginx]# vim conf/vhosts/vhost1.conf server{        listen 80;        server_name 192.168.30.114;        root /data/www;        index   index.html index.htm index.php;        if (-d $request_filename)                {                        rewrite ^/(.*)([^/])$ http://$host/$1$2/ permanent;                } #所有php的页面均交由apache处理        location ~ /.(php)?$ {                proxy_set_header  Host $host;                proxy_set_header  X-Real-IP  $remote_addr;                proxy_set_header   X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;                proxy_pass http://192.168.30.114:81;                } } 

 

创建静态页面
 [root@tiejiangSRC1 nginx]# echo "hello,this is the html test." > /data/www/index.html 

测试81端口能不能成功访问到页面

Nginx网站架构实战——14、反向代理实现nginx+apache动静分离

测试访问静态页面

Nginx网站架构实战——14、反向代理实现nginx+apache动静分离

测试访问动态页面

Nginx网站架构实战——14、反向代理实现nginx+apache动静分离

通过curl -I 可以看到访问静态页面的时候是通过Nginx处理的
 [root@tiejiangSRC1 nginx]# curl -I http://192.168.30.114 HTTP/1.1 200 OK Server: nginx Date: Thu, 06 Jun 2013 09:26:10 GMT Content-Type: text/html; charset=gb2312 Content-Length: 29 Last-Modified: Thu, 06 Jun 2013 09:25:48 GMT Connection: keep-alive Accept-Ranges: bytes 

由于动态页面是通过nginx进行反向代理交给apache处理,所以返回显示的也是nginx
 [root@tiejiangSRC1 nginx]# curl -I http://192.168.30.114/index.php HTTP/1.1 200 OK Server: nginx Date: Thu, 06 Jun 2013 09:26:58 GMT Content-Type: text/html; charset=gb2312 Connection: keep-alive X-Powered-By: PHP/5.4.11 

验证php是通过apache 处理的:
关闭apache 再测试访问php页面,看到访问不到php,但是能访问到静态页面

Nginx网站架构实战——14、反向代理实现nginx+apache动静分离

为apache安装rpaf模块,该模块用于apache做后端时获取访客真实的IP
 [root@tiejiangSRC1 src]# wget http://stderr.net/apache/rpaf/download/mod_rpaf-0.6.tar.gz [root@tiejiangSRC1 src]# tar xf mod_rpaf-0.6.tar.gz [root@tiejiangSRC1 src]# cd mod_rpaf-0.6 [root@tiejiangSRC1 mod_rpaf-0.6]# /usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs -i -c -n mod_rpaf-2.0.so mod_rpaf-2.0.c 编辑/usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf添加模块参数  查找LoadModule php5_module modules/libphp5.so,在下方添加:  [root@tiejiangSRC1 mod_rpaf-0.6]# vim /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf LoadModule rpaf_module modules/mod_rpaf-2.0.so #Mod_rpaf settings RPAFenable On RPAFproxy_ips 192.168.30.114 RPAFsethostname On RPAFheader X-Forwarded-For  重启apache,nginx 即可 





//下面这个css和插件后台设置的主题有关系,如果需要换样式,则需要修改以下CSS名称

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