数据库教程-DB2备份和恢复

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本章介绍DB2数据库备份和恢复数据库的方法。

DB2备份和恢复

备份和恢复方法的目的是让我们的信息安全。在命令行界面(CLI)或图形用户界面(GUI)使用的备份和恢复工具,可以备份或恢复在DB2 UDB数据库中的数据。

日志

日志文件包含错误日志,这是用来从应用程序错误中恢复的。日志保留更改数据库的记录。有如下所述两种类型的日志记录:

循环日志记录

它是一种方法,其中旧的事务日志被覆盖时,有必要分配一个新的事务日志文件,从而清除日志文件的序列和重复使用它们。允许需要全备份在离线模式。也就是说,数据库必须脱机采取完全备份。

归档日志记录

该模式支持在线备份,并使用被称为前滚恢复日志文件数据库恢复。备份模式可以从循环改为通过设置LOGRETAIN或USEREXIT为ON存档。对于归档日志记录,备份设置数据库需要的目录是可写的DB2进程。

备份

使用Backup命令,可以把整个数据库备份副本。该备份副本包括数据库系统文件,数据文件,日志文件,控制信息等。

可以备份脱机工作时或在线。

脱机备份

语法:[列出活动的应用/数据库]

 db2 list application  

输出:

 Auth Id  Application    Appl.      Application Id                                                 DB       # of             Name           Handle               Name    Agents   -------- -------------- ---------- --------------------- ----------------------------------------- -------- -----   DB2INST1 db2bp          39          *LOCAL.db2inst1.140722043938                                    ONE      1  

语法:[使用的应用程序强制应用程序。处理ID]

 db2 "force application (39)"   

输出

 DB20000I  The FORCE APPLICATION command completed  successfully.    DB21024I  This command is asynchronous and may not  be effective immediately. 

语法:[终止数据库连接]

 db2 terminate  

语法:[关闭数据库]

 db2 deactivate database one   

语法:[执行备份文件]

 db2 backup database <db_name> to <location>   

示例:

 db2 backup database one to /home/db2inst1/ 

输出

 Backup successful. The timestamp for this backup image is :  20140722105345  

在线备份

首先,需要从循环日志改变到归档日志模式。

语法:[检查数据库使用循环或归档日志]

 db2 get db cfg for one | grep LOGARCH   

输出

 First log archive method (LOGARCHMETH1) = OFF    Archive compression for logarchmeth1  (LOGARCHCOMPR1) = OFF   Options for logarchmeth1              (LOGARCHOPT1) =     Second log archive method             (LOGARCHMETH2) = OFF    Archive compression for logarchmeth2  (LOGARCHCOMPR2) = OFF    Options for logarchmeth2              (LOGARCHOPT2) =   

另外,在上述输出,突出显示的值处于关闭模式[LOGARCHMETH1和LOGARCHMETH2],这意味着当前数据库中的“CIRCULLARLOGGING”模式。如果需要用'归档日志记录“模式下工作,需要更改或添加路径变量LOGARCHMETH1和LOGARCHMETH2出现在配置文件中。

更新LOGARCHMETH1所需存档目录

语法:[创建目录]

 mkdir backup  mkdir backup/ArchiveDest    

语法:[提供文件夹的用户权限]

 chown db2inst1:db2iadm1 backup/ArchiveDest 

语法:[更新配置LOGARCHMETH1]

 db2 update database configuration for one using LOGARCHMETH1  'DISK:/home/db2inst1/backup/ArchiveDest'

可以采取离线备份的安全性,激活数据库,并连接到它。

语法:[执行在线备份]

 db2 backup database one online to  /home/db2inst1/onlinebackup/ compress include logs   

输出

 db2 backup database one online to  /home/db2inst1/onlinebackup/ compress include logs    

使用下面的命令验证备份文件:

语法:

 db2ckbkp <location/backup file>   

示例:

 db2ckbkp  /home/db2inst1/ONE.0.db2inst1.DBPART000.20140722112743.001 

清单备份文件的历史记录

语法:

 db2 list history backup all for one    

输出

                     List History File for one     Number of matching file entries = 4    Op Obj Timestamp+Sequence Type Dev Earliest Log Current Log   Backup ID    -- --- ------------------ ---- --- ------------ ------------   --------------   B  D  20140722105345001   F    D  S0000000.LOG S0000000.LOG    ------------------------------------------------------------   ----------------       Contains 4 tablespace(s):   00001 SYSCATSPACE      00002 USERSPACE1    00003 SYSTOOLSPACE     00004 TS1    ------------------------------------------------------------    ----------------    Comment: DB2 BACKUP ONE OFFLINE       Start Time: 20140722105345        End Time: 20140722105347          Status: A  ------------------------------------------------------------   ----------------   EID: 3 Location: /home/db2inst1      Op Obj Timestamp+Sequence Type Dev Earliest Log Current Log    Backup ID  -- --- ------------------ ---- --- ------------ ------------   --------------     B  D  20140722112239000   N       S0000000.LOG S0000000.LOG     ------------------------------------------------------------   -------------------------------------------------------------   -------------------------------     Comment: DB2 BACKUP ONE ONLINE      Start Time: 20140722112239       End Time: 20140722112240            Status: A   ------------------------------------------------------------   ----------------     EID: 4 Location:  SQLCA Information     sqlcaid : SQLCA     sqlcabc: 136   sqlcode: -2413   sqlerrml: 0     sqlerrmc:     sqlerrp : sqlubIni    sqlerrd : (1) 0                (2) 0                (3) 0               (4) 0                (5) 0                (6) 0          sqlwarn : (1)      (2)      (3)      (4)        (5)       (6)                (7)      (8)      (9)      (10)       (11)    sqlstate:     Op Obj Timestamp+Sequence Type Dev Earliest Log Current Log    Backup ID   -- --- ------------------ ---- --- ------------ ------------    --------------     B  D  20140722112743001   F    D  S0000000.LOG S0000000.LOG       ------------------------------------------------------------   ----------------   Contains 4 tablespace(s):     00001 SYSCATSPACE     00002 USERSPACE1     00003 SYSTOOLSPACE     00004 TS1   -------------------------------------------------------------    ----------------    Comment: DB2 BACKUP ONE OFFLINE      Start Time: 20140722112743       End Time: 20140722112743           Status: A   -------------------------------------------------------------    ----------------   EID: 5 Location: /home/db2inst1     Op Obj Timestamp+Sequence Type Dev Earliest Log Current Log   Backup ID      -------------------------------------------------------------    ----------------    R  D  20140722114519001   F                                 20140722112743    ------------------------------------------------------------   ----------------    Contains 4 tablespace(s):      00001 SYSCATSPACE      00002 USERSPACE1      00003 SYSTOOLSPACE      00004 TS1  ------------------------------------------------------------   ----------------   Comment: RESTORE ONE WITH RF     Start Time: 20140722114519       End Time: 20140722115015        Status: A       ------------------------------------------------------------   ----------------     EID: 6 Location:  

从备份中恢复数据库

从备份文件恢复数据库,需要按照给定的语法:

语法:

 db2 restore database <db_name> from <location>  taken at <timestamp>    

示例:

 db2 restore database one from /home/db2inst1/ taken at  20140722112743  

输出:

 SQL2523W  Warning!  Restoring to an existing database that is  different from     the database on the backup image, but have matching names.  The target database     will be overwritten by the backup version.  The Roll-forward  recovery logs  associated with the target database will be deleted.    Do you want to continue ? (y/n) y    DB20000I  The RESTORE DATABASE command completed successfully.   

前滚全部位于日志目录中的日志,其中包括刚刚在磁盘驱动器发生故障前的最新变化。

语法:

 db2 rollforward db <db_name> to end of logs and stop   

示例:

 db2 rollforward db one to end of logs and stop  

输出:

                                  Rollforward Status    Input database alias                   = one    Number of members have returned status = 1    Member ID                              = 0    Rollforward status                     = not pending    Next log file to be read               =    Log files processed                    = S0000000.LOG -   S0000001.LOG    Last committed transaction            = 2014-07-22-   06.00.33.000000 UTC   DB20000I  The ROLLFORWARD command completed successfully. 

  

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